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Cover image for Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part XIII: 'Fascism' and Liberalism in the (Austrian) Classical Tradition
Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part XIII: 'Fascism' and Liberalism in the (Austrian) Classical Tradition
Leeson, Robert. editor.
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XV, 497 p. online resource.
Archival Insights into the Evolution of Economics
PART I: ORIGINS -- 1. Introduction: ‘How we developed a consistent doctrine and some international circles of communication.’- Robert Leeson -- 2. The German Historical School of Economics and the Foundations and Development of the Austrian School of Economics -- Birsen Filip -- 3. Before Hitler: The Expansionary Program of the Brauns Commission -- Antonio Magliulo -- 4. Hayek, Gold, Deflation and Nihilism -- David Glasner -- 5. On the Rock: Hayek’s 1944 Proposals for the Gibraltar Economy -- Chris Grocott -- PART II: REVIVAL -- 6. The Austrian Revival -- Hiroyuki Okon -- 7. ‘Neutral Academic Data’ and the International Right- David Teacher -- 8. Private Club and Secret Service Armageddon -- David Teacher -- 9. The Pinochet Regime and the Trans-Nationalization of Italian Neo-Fascism -- Anna Bull and Galadriel Ravelli -- 10. Hayek on Limited Democracy, Dictatorships and the ‘Free’ Market: An Interview in Argentina, 1977 -- Birsen Filip -- 11. Friedrich Hayek and his Visits to Chile: some Austrian Misrepresentations -- Birsen Filip.
Hayek claimed that he always made it his rule ‘not to be concerned with current politics, but to try to operate on public opinion.’ However, evidence suggests that he was a party political operative with ‘free’ market scholarship being the vehicle through which he sought – and achieved – party political influence. The ‘main purpose’ of his Mont Pelerin Society had ‘been wholly achieved’. Mises promoted ‘Fascists’ including Ludendorff and Hitler, and Hayekians promoted the Operation Condor military dictatorships and continue to maintain a ‘united front’ with ‘neo-Nazis.’ Hayek, who supported Pinochet’s torture-based regime and played a promotional role in ‘Dirty War’ Argentina, is presented as a saintly figure. These chapters place ‘free’ market promotion in the context of the post-1965 neo-Fascist ‘Strategy of Tension’, and examine Hayek’s role in the promotion of deflation that facilitated Hitler’s rise to power; his proposal to relocate Gibraltarians across the frontier into ‘Fascist’ Spain; the Austrian revival of the 1970s; the role of (what was presented as) ‘neutral academic data’ on behalf of the ‘International Right’ and their efforts to promote Franz Josef Strauss and Ronald Reagan and defend apartheid and the Shah of Iran.
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