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Beyond individualism : reconstituting the liberal self
Crittenden, Jack.
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Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, 1992.
Physical Description:
x, 230 p. ; 25 cm.


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Book BILKUTUP0119802 JC571 .C698 1992 Central Campus Library

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In the examination of the conception of human nature, a duality is commonly perceived--the liberal self as atomistic, self-contained, even selfish; and the communitarian self as socially situated and defined through its environment. Crittenden argues that neither view is acceptable, drawing onrecent psychological research to expound on a theory of "compound individuality." This work includes a discussion of the compound individual as the self of liberalism, as well as a discussion of the sort of political organization that can generate personal identity constituted by liberal autonomyand communitarian sociality.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 3
I Behind Individualism
1. The Disposition of the Selfp. 13
Charles Taylor: The Disengaged Self Versus the Strong Evaluatorp. 14
Alasdair MacIntyre: Individualism Versus Narrative Unityp. 21
Michael Sandel: The Unencumbered Self Versus the Socially Situated Selfp. 28
The Self as a Two-Track Systemp. 34
2. The Theory of Compound Individualityp. 38
Piaget's Cognitive Structuresp. 39
The Self-system: Process and Productp. 42
Membership Versus Autonomyp. 44
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Developmentp. 52
Critiques of Kohlbergp. 60
Liberal and Communitarian Selves Revisitedp. 63
II Beyond Individualism
3. Autonomous Selfhood: Individualism Versus Compound Individualityp. 73
Defining Autonomyp. 74
Individualismp. 77
Contextualism and Compound Individualityp. 82
Practicing Contextualismp. 91
4. Political Participation: Self-development and Self-interestp. 96
Participation as Cultivation of Characterp. 97
Mirroring: Habits of the Heartp. 100
Empirical Support for Participation as Self-developmentp. 104
Outcomes: Generating the Common Goodp. 108
Transforming Self-interestsp. 114
Rousseau's Self-interest Properly Understoodp. 117
Transcending Self-interestp. 122
Why Obey?p. 124
5. Veneration of Communityp. 129
What Is Community?p. 130
Communitarians on Communityp. 135
Total Communityp. 137
Participation and Liberal Communityp. 142
III Reconstituting the Liberal Self
6. Socrates in a Pluralistic Traditionp. 149
Retrospectivep. 149
Modern or "New" Liberalsp. 154
A New Liberal Psychologyp. 160
The Bugbear of Relativismp. 163
Liberal Virtues and the Good Lifep. 168
Liberal Politicsp. 172
Liberal Lessons from Communitarianismp. 177
Notesp. 183
Bibliographyp. 209
Indexp. 224
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