Cover image for The achievement of American liberalism : the New Deal and its legacies


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Book BILKUTUP0285889 E806 .A32 2003 Central Campus Library

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The New Deal established the contours and character of modern American democracy. It created an anchor and a reference point for American liberal politics through the struggles for racial, gender, and economic equality in the five decades that followed it. Indeed, the ways that liberalism has changed in meaning since the New Deal provide a critical prism through which to understand twentieth-century politics. From the consensus liberalism of the war years to the strident liberalism of the sixties to the besieged liberalism of the eighties and through the more recent national debates about welfare reform and Social Security privatization, the prominent historians gathered here explore the convoluted history of the complex legacy of the New Deal and its continuing effect on the present.

In its scope and variety of subjects, this book reflects the protean quality of American liberalism. Alan Brinkley focuses on the range of choices New Dealers faced. Alonzo Hamby traces the Democratic Party's evolving effort to incorporate New Deal traditions in the Cold War era. Richard Fried offers a fresh look at the impact of McCarthyism. Richard Polenberg situates Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, in a tradition of liberal thought. And Melvin Urosfsky shows how the Roosevelt Court set the legal dimensions within which the debate about the meaning of liberalism would be conducted for decades. Other subjects include the effect of the Holocaust on relations between American Jews and African Americans; the limiting effects of racial and gender attitudes on the potential for meaningful reform; and the lasting repercussions of the tumultuous 1960s.

Provocative, illuminating and sure to raise questions for future study, The Achievement of American Liberalism testifies to a vibrant and vital field of inquiry.

Table of Contents

IntroductionWilliam H. Chafe
1 The New Deal ExperimentsAlan Brinkley
2 High Tide: Roosevelt, Truman, and the Democratic Party, 1932-1952Alonzo L. Hamby
3 The Roosevelt CourtMelvin I. Urofsky
4 Voting Against the Hammer and Sickle: Communism as an Issue in American PoliticsRichard M. Fried
5 The Ethical Responsibilities of the Scientist: The Case of J. Robert OppenheimerRichard Polenberg
6 Race in America: The Ultimate Test of LiberalismWilliam H. Chafe
7 African Americans, American Jews, and the HolocaustHarvard Sitkoff
8 Race, Rock and Roll, and the Rigged Society: The Payola Scandal and the Political Culture of the 1950sSteven F. Lawson
9 "A Revolution But Half Accomplished": The Twentieth Century's Engagement with Child-Raising, Women's Work, and FeminismCynthia Harrison
10 Race, Class, and Gender in Southern History: Forces That Unite, Forces That DivideWilliam H. Chafe
11 Liberalism After the Sixties: A ReconnaissanceOtis L. Graham Jr