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Freeman, Samuel Richard.


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London ; New York : Routledge, 2007.
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xxi, 550 p. ; 23 cm.
Routledge philosophers
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Routledge philosophers
Introduction -- Liberalism, democracy, and the principles of justice -- The second principle and distributive justice -- The original position -- Just institutions -- The stability of justice as fairness -- Kantian constructivism and the transition of political liberalism -- Political liberalism I : the domain of the political -- Political liberalism II : overlapping consensus and public reason -- The law of peoples -- Conclusion.
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Book BILKUTUP0301648 JC578 .F6975 2007 Central Campus Library

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In this superb introduction, Samuel Freeman introduces and assesses the main topics of Rawls' philosophy. Starting with a brief biography and charting the influences on Rawls' early thinking, he goes on to discuss the heart of Rawls's philosophy: his principles of justice and their practical application to society.

Subsequent chapters discuss Rawls's theories of liberty, political and economic justice, democratic institutions, goodness as rationality, moral psychology, political liberalism, and international justice andnbsp;a concluding chapter considers Rawls' legacy.

Clearly setting out the ideas in Rawls' masterwork, A Theory of Justice, Samuel Freeman also considers Rawls' other key works, including Political Liberalism and The Law of Peoples. An invaluable introduction to this deeply influential philosopher, Rawls is essential reading for anyone coming to his work for the first time.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. x
List of Abbreviationsp. xviii
Chronologyp. xix
1 Introductionp. 1
Biographyp. 1
Motivations Underlying Rawls's Lifeworkp. 8
Historical Influencesp. 12
Rawls on Justification in Moral Philosophy: Reflective Equilibriump. 29
2 Liberalism, Democracy, and the Principles of Justicep. 43
The First Principle of Justice: the Basic Libertiesp. 44
Liberty and the Worth of Libertyp. 59
The Priority of Libertyp. 64
Some Objections to the Priority of Libertyp. 72
Summaryp. 79
3 The Second Principle and Distributive Justicep. 86
Fair Equality of Opportunityp. 88
Economic Justice and the Difference Principlep. 99
Objections to the Difference Principlep. 115
Fair Equality of Opportunity and the Difference Principlep. 125
The Just Savings Principlep. 136
Conclusionp. 139
4 The Original Positionp. 141
The Original Position: Description of the Parties and the Conditions on Choicep. 142
Arguments from the Original Positionp. 167
Conclusionp. 197
5 Just Institutionsp. 199
Applying the Principles of Justice: the Four-Stage Sequencep. 200
The First Principle of Justice: Specification of Constitutional Rightsp. 209
Constitutional Democracy and Its Procedural Requirementsp. 212
Economic Institutions: a Property-owning Democracyp. 219
The Institution of the Familyp. 235
6 The Stability of Justice as Fairness Sixp. 243
Stability and the Sense of Justicep. 245
Moral Motivation and the Development of a Sense of Justicep. 253
Goodness as Rationality, the Congruence Problem, and the Aristotelian Principlep. 263
The Good of Justice and the Kantian Congruence Argumentp. 272
Finality and the Priority of Justicep. 278
Conclusionp. 282
7 Kantian Constructivism and the Transition to Political Liberalismp. 284
Kantian Constructivismp. 284
The Independence of Moral Theoryp. 310
The Social Role of a Conception of Justice and Problems with the Kantian Interpretationp. 315
8 Political Liberalism I - the Domain of the Political Eightp. 324
The Problem of Political Liberalismp. 324
A Freestanding Political Conception of Justicep. 331
Political Constructivismp. 351
9 Political Liberalism II - Overlapping Consensus and Public Reasonp. 365
Overlapping Consensusp. 366
The Liberal Principle of Legitimacyp. 371
The Idea of Public Reasonp. 381
10 The Law of Peoples Tenp. 416
The Law of Nationsp. 416
The Law of Peoples and Political Liberalismp. 424
Toleration of Decent Societiesp. 429
Human Rights as the Primary Condition of Social Cooperationp. 435
The Duty of Assistancep. 439
Distributive Justice and Rawls's Rejection of a Global Distribution Principlep. 442
Conclusionp. 455
11 Conclusionp. 457
Rawls's Legacy and Influencep. 457
Concluding Remarksp. 460
Glossaryp. 463
Notesp. 485
Bibliographyp. 515
Indexp. 536