Cover image for Political ideology today
Political ideology today
Adams, Ian, 1943-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Manchester ; New York : Manchester University Press, 1993.
Physical Description:
vii, 369 p. ; 20 cm.
Politics today

Politics today (Manchester, England)
General Note:
Includes index.


Material Type
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Item Holds
Book BILKUTUP0128151 JA83 .A47 1993 Central Campus Library

On Order



Ian Adams examines the tenets of liberalism, socialism, conservatism, Marxism, anarchism, and fascism. This new edition covers recent developments in religious and sexual politics, environmentalism, animal rights, post-Marxism, communitarianism, multiculturalism, and postmodernism. Recent events covered include the Asian financial crisis, the Balkan wars, and the election of the New Labour government. Adams shows how contemporary ideological thinking is still thriving, and discusses prospects for future ideological developments, including the growth of small scale and local ideologies.

Table of Contents

1 Introductionp. 1
What is ideology?p. 1
An historical approachp. 5
The crucible of modernityp. 6
A new postmodern world?p. 8
2 Liberalism and democracyp. 10
Whigs and republicansp. 10
Radicals and revolutionariesp. 15
Classical liberalismp. 20
Liberalism and progressp. 24
Social liberalism and European politicsp. 28
American liberalismp. 32
Problems, criticisms and recent developmentsp. 36
3 Conservatism and the rightp. 43
French reactionary conservatismp. 44
German Romantic conservatismp. 46
Radical conservatismp. 48
British conservatismp. 54
The European centre-right since 1945p. 59
4 Nationalism and internationalismp. 64
Revolutionary and Romantic nationalismp. 65
Nineteenth-century nationalismp. 67
Anti-colonial nationalismp. 69
Pan-nationalismp. 73
Internationalism, federalism and conflictp. 76
The coherence and autonomy of nationalismp. 80
5 Varieties of socialismp. 84
Primitive and classical socialismsp. 84
The utopian socialistsp. 88
International socialismp. 94
The British socialist traditionp. 96
Liberal socialism in Britainp. 102
European socialism since 1945p. 107
Neo-revisionism and the future of socialismp. 111
6 Anarchismp. 115
Individualist anarchismp. 116
Socialist anarchismp. 120
Anarchism and Marxismp. 126
Recent developments in anarchist theoryp. 129
Fundamentals and criticismsp. 133
7 Marxismp. 137
Hegel, Marx and Engelsp. 137
The analysis of society and social changep. 140
Capitalism, revolution and human naturep. 144
Objections to Marx's theoriesp. 149
Revision and revolutionp. 151
The communist world after Leninp. 156
The New Left and afterp. 159
The collapse of communismp. 163
The end of Marxism?p. 165
8 Racism and fascismp. 169
Nineteenth-century racismp. 169
Italian fascismp. 174
Hitler's national socialismp. 178
Admirers and followersp. 181
Race and ideology outside Europep. 184
Neo-fascismp. 189
The extreme right in Americap. 194
9 The New Rightp. 199
From Swiss chalet to White Housep. 199
Updating classical liberalismp. 204
Socialism and the dead hand of the statep. 207
The neo-liberal free societyp. 210
The New Right spectrum in America and Britainp. 214
Criticisms of the New Rightp. 218
10 Feminism and liberation ideologyp. 222
Early feminismp. 222
Second wave feminismp. 227
Postfeminism, postmodernism and the future of the women's movementp. 234
Other liberation movements and ideologiesp. 236
11 Green politics and ecologismp. 243
The green movementp. 243
Green ideasp. 246
Green controversiesp. 250
Criticisms of green ideasp. 253
12 Religious fundamentalismp. 255
Islamic fundamentalismp. 256
Shia fundamentalismp. 262
The importance of Islamp. 267
Other religious fundamentalismsp. 270
Postmodernity and new religious movementsp. 275
13 Globalisation, postmodernity and the future of ideologyp. 280
Cold War to globalisationp. 280
Modernity to postmodernity?p. 285
The theory of postmodernismp. 289
A new age of ideology?p. 294
References and further readingp. 298
Indexp. 307