Cover image for Philosophical Perspectives on Compulsory Education
Title:
Philosophical Perspectives on Compulsory Education
Author:
Papastephanou, Marianna. editor.
ISBN:
9789400773110
Physical Description:
XII, 191 p. 7 illus. online resource.
Contents:
Acknowledgements -- Editor’s Introduction -- Part One: The General, Theoretical Challenges -- Chapter One: Volker Kraft, ‘Constants of Education’ -- Chapter Two: Robin Barrow, ‘Compulsory Common Schooling and Individual Difference’ -- Chapter Three: Geoffrey Hinchliffe, ‘Education, Liberty and Authority: justifying compulsory education’ -- Chapter Four: Kevin Williams, ‘Compulsion and Education as a Conversation: Are they compatible?’ -- Chapter Five: Naoko Saito, ‘Compulsion without Coercion: liberal education through uncommon schooling’ -- Chapter Six: Anders Schinkel, ‘On the justification of compulsory schooling’ -- Part Two: The Many Faces of Challenges Confronting the Compulsory -- Chapter Seven: David Blacker, ‘Compulsory Education Cycles Down’ -- Chapter Eight: Roni Aviram, ‘Is there hope for modern education systems in postmodern democracies?’ -- Chapter Nine: Kevin Williams, ‘Conscripts or volunteers?  The status of learners in faith schools’ -- Chapter Ten: Helen Lees, ‘Is the idea of compulsory schooling ridiculous?’ -- Chapter Eleven: Andrew Davis, ‘Homework: chronicles of wasted time?’ -- Chapter Twelve: Amrita Zahir, ‘Understanding Transformation’ -- Coda: Paul Gibbs, ‘Happiness and Education: Recognizing a fundamental attunement’.
Abstract:
Contributions to this volume from diverse perspectives explore pedagogical practices of the contemporary world, namely the school. Themes of autonomy, authority and liberalism are surfaced in the debates and highly innovative insights presented in this book where philosophical perspectives shed light on the theoretical underpinnings of formal education and schooling. How we interpret the self, humanity and the world connects to perspectives on compulsory education.  General theoretical issues surrounding compulsory education are often tested through more concrete aspects of schooling, some of which have a specific origin in, or particular bearing on, the current socio-political conditions of schooling. For this reason, this book is sensitive to context and to empirical and concrete dimensions of the educational venture, and takes into account current concerns about neo-liberal policies and their effects on schooling. As a philosophical-educational intervention in the topic of compulsory education, these chapters draw connections between older philosophical debates on compulsoriness and new developments and emphases in schooling. .
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Summary

Summary

​From antiquity to the present, schools of some form have, in one way or other, been involved in the material and symbolic reproduction of societies. Such diachronic resilience, along with the synchronic omnipresence of schooling often makes schools appear as natural, self-evident and unavoidable. This naturalization of schooling is then extended to its modern specification as compulsory in a universalist fashion. This book does not only seek to explore what is left of older debates on compulsory education in the years' hindsight but also to associate the discussion of schooling with new theoretical developments and new emphases. It contains a first part, which operates, primarily, at the conceptual and justificatory level and reserves a, more or less, qualified welcome to a revisited notion of compulsory. And it supplements this first part with a second, more applied one that focuses on specific aspects of compulsory schooling and/or education. From Luther down to John Stuart Mill and John Dewey, compulsory education has been heralded either as a vehicle of social coordination and individual well-being, or as a vehicle of democratization and progress, or as a means for protecting the rights of the young and of society, and so on and so forth. But there have also been periods of challenge and denaturalization of compulsory education, producing a range of interesting and spirited debates not only on matters of educational legality but also on matters that boil down to broader philosophical questions about the self and the world. Without neglecting the lasting significance of older debates, argumentation over schooling, its character and its scope can be recast in the light of current philosophical educational debates. Given the fact that failure adequately to mine such connections leads to a lack in philosophical-educational engagement with one of the most central pedagogical practices of the contemporary world, namely, the school, the book aspires to remedy this lack and to put together work that addresses those connections through the highly original and innovative work of its contributors. The subtext in all contributions is a vision of educational transformation in one way or other. All chapters (from the most theoretical to the most practice-related) promote a version of a recast or redirected compulsory schooling.