Cover image for Beyond Liberal Democracy Political Thinking for an East Asian Context
Title:
Beyond Liberal Democracy Political Thinking for an East Asian Context
Author:
Bell, Daniel (Daniel A.), 1964-
ISBN:
9781400827466
Publication Information:
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2006. (Baltimore, Md. : Project MUSE, 2015)
Physical Description:
1 online resource (xii, 379 p. )
Series:
Book collections on Project MUSE.
Contents:
One size doesn't fit all -- The uniquely parochial development of liberal democracy -- Human rights for an East Asian context -- Democracy for an East Asian context -- Capitalism for an East Asian context -- A note on the culturally sensitive approach to political theorizing -- Human rights for an East Asian context -- Just war and Confucianism : implications for the contemporary world -- The ideal world versus nonideal theory -- General Confucian principles of good government -- Mencius on just and unjust war -- Implications for contemporary societies -- Human rights and "values in Asia" : reflections on East-West dialogues -- Trade-offs and priorities -- Asian justifications for human rights -- Values in Asia versus Western liberalism : justifiable moral differences? -- Cross-cultural dialogues on human rights : what is the point? -- The ethical challenges of international human rights NGOs : reflections on dialogues between practitioners and theorists -- The challenge of cultural conflict -- The challenge of dealing with global poverty -- The challenge of dealing with states that restrict the activities of INGOs -- The challenge of fund-raising -- Implications for INGOs in East Asia -- Democracy for an East Asian context -- What's wrong with active citizenship? a comparison of physical education in ancient Greece and ancient China -- Two ancient civilizations -- Why compare state-sponsored physical education in the two ancient civilizations? -- Political competition and sports competition -- Commercial societies, leisure time, and the pursuit of physical excellence -- Implications for contemporary East Asian societies -- Taking elitism seriously : democracy with Confucian characteristics -- Political elitism and democracy : two important values -- Institutionalizing Confucian democracy -- Is democracy the "least bad" system for minority groups? -- Some definitions -- Democracy and nation building -- Implications for outside prodemocracy forces -- Democratic education in a multicultural context : lessons from Singapore -- Singapore's political history -- Racism in the classroom? -- Inclusive multiculturalism -- Beyond Singapore? -- Capitalism for an East Asian context -- Culture and egalitarian development : Confucian constraints on property rights -- On the selection of feasible and desirable Confucian values for modern societies -- The overriding value of material welfare -- The value of care for needy family members -- Exporting Confucianism? -- East Asian capitalism for an age of globalization -- East Asian capitalism and economic productivity -- East Asian capitalism and social welfare -- Implications for public policy -- Justice for migrant workers? the case of migrant domestic workers in East Asia -- The political concerns of foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong and Singapore -- Should foreign domestic workers be given equal rights? -- The role of culture -- Migrant domestic workers in mainland China -- Responses to critics : the real and the ideal.
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Summary

Summary

Is liberal democracy appropriate for East Asia? In this provocative book, Daniel Bell argues for morally legitimate alternatives to Western-style liberal democracy in the region. Beyond Liberal Democracy , which continues the author's influential earlier work, is divided into three parts that correspond to the three main hallmarks of liberal democracy--human rights, democracy, and capitalism. These features have been modified substantially during their transmission to East Asian societies that have been shaped by nonliberal practices and values. Bell points to the dangers of implementing Western-style models and proposes alternative justifications and practices that may be more appropriate for East Asian societies.


If human rights, democracy, and capitalism are to take root and produce beneficial outcomes in East Asia, Bell argues, they must be adjusted to contemporary East Asian political and economic realities and to the values of nonliberal East Asian political traditions such as Confucianism and Legalism. Local knowledge is therefore essential for realistic and morally informed contributions to debates on political reform in the region, as well as for mutual learning and enrichment of political theories.



Beyond Liberal Democracy is indispensable reading for students and scholars of political theory, Asian studies, and human rights, as well as anyone concerned about China's political and economic future and how Western governments and organizations should engage with China.


Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Chapter 1 Introduction: One Size Doesn't Fit Allp. 1
The Uniquely Parochial Development of Liberal Democracyp. 4
Human Rights for an East Asian Contextp. 9
Democracy for an East Asian Contextp. 11
Capitalism for an East Asian Contextp. 14
A Note on the Culturally Sensitive Approach to Political Theorizingp. 17
Part 1 Human Rights for an East Asian Context
Chapter 2 Just War and Confucianism: Implications for the Contemporary Worldp. 23
The Ideal World versus the Nonideal Worldp. 24
General Confucian Principles of Good Governmentp. 31
Mencius on Just and Unjust Warp. 35
Implications for Contemporary Societiesp. 40
Chapter 3 Human Rights and "Values in Asia": Reflections on East-West Dialoguesp. 52
Trade-offs and Prioritiesp. 55
Asian Justifications for Human Rightsp. 62
Values in Asia versus Western Liberalism: Justifiable Moral Differences?p. 72
Cross-Cultural Dialogues on Human Rights: What Is the Point?p. 78
Chapter 4 The Ethical Challenges of International Human Rights NGOs: Reflections on Dialogues between Practitioners and Theoristsp. 84
The Challenge of Cultural Conflictp. 87
The Challenge of Dealing with Global Povertyp. 92
The Challenge of Dealing with States That Restrict the Activities of INGOsp. 103
The Challenge of Fund-Raisingp. 107
Implications for INGOs in East Asiap. 111
Part 2 Democracy for an East Asian Context
Chapter 5 What's Wrong with Active Citizenship? A Comparison of Physical Education in Ancient Greece and Ancient Chinap. 121
Two Ancient Civilizationsp. 123
Why Compare State-Sponsored Physical Education in the Two Ancient Civilizations?p. 132
Political Competition and Sports Competitionp. 134
Commercial Societies, Leisure Time, and the Pursuit of Physical Excellencep. 143
Implications for Contemporary East Asian Societiesp. 146
Chapter 6 Taking Elitism Seriously: Democracy with Confucian Characteristicsp. 152
Political Elitism and Democracy: Two Important Valuesp. 153
Institutionalizing Confucian Democracyp. 162
Chapter 7 Is Democracy the "Least Bad" System for Minority Groups?p. 180
Some Definitionsp. 185
Democracy and Nation Buildingp. 190
Implications for Outside Prodemocracy Forcesp. 202
Chapter 8 Democratic Education in a Multicultural Context: Lessons from Singaporep. 206
Singapore's Political Historyp. 207
Racism in the Classroom?p. 211
Inclusive Multiculturalismp. 215
Beyond Singapore?p. 218
Part 3 Capitalism for an East Asian Context
Chapter 9 Culture and Egalitarian Development: Confucian Constraints on Property Rightsp. 231
On the Selection of Feasible and Desirable Confucian Values for Modern Societiesp. 234
The Overriding Value of Material Welfarep. 237
The Value of Care for Needy Family Membersp. 243
Exporting Confucianism?p. 251
Chapter 10 East Asian Capitalism for an Age of Globalizationp. 255
East Asian Capitalism and Economic Productivityp. 259
East Asian Capitalism and Social Welfarep. 271
Implications for Public Policyp. 278
Chapter 11 Justice for Migrant Workers? The Case of Migrant Domestic Workers in East Asiap. 281
The Political Concerns of Foreign Domestic Workers in Hong Kong and Singaporep. 283
Should Foreign Domestic Workers Be Given Equal Rights?p. 290
The Role of Culturep. 305
Migrant Domestic Workers in Mainland Chinap. 313
Chapter 12 Responses to Critics: The Real and the Idealp. 323
Selected Bibliographyp. 343
Indexp. 369