Cover image for The Chile reader : history, culture, politics
The Chile reader : history, culture, politics
Hutchison, Elizabeth Q. (Elizabeth Quay)
Physical Description:
1 online resource (xvi, 629 pages)
Latin America readers

Latin America readers.
No better land in the whole wide world / Pedro de Valdivia -- The poetry of place / Gabriela Mistral -- Chile's "crazy geography" / Benjamín Subercaseaux -- Catastrophe and national character / Rolando Mellafe -- Deforestation in Chile : an early report / Claudio Gay -- "Catastrophe in Sewell" / Pablo Neruda -- A call to conservationism in Chile / Rafael Elizalde MacClure -- In defense of the forests / Ricardo Carrere -- Pollution and politics in greater Santiago / Saar Van Hauwermeiren -- The Inca meet the Mapuche / Garcilaso de la Vega, Comentarios Reales -- A conquistador pleads his case / Pedro de Valdivia, Letter to the King -- Exalting the noble savage / Alonso de Ercilla, La Araucana -- Debating Indian slavery / Melchor Calderón and Diego de Rosales -- "To sell, give, donate, trade, or exchange" / Certification of Indian Enslavement, 1657 -- Portrait of late Colonial Santiago / Vicente Carvallo y Goyeneche -- From war to diplomacy / The Summit of Tapihue -- "The Insolence of peons" / Mine owners of Copiapó -- A revolutionary journalist / Camilo Henríquez, Fundamental notions of the rights of peoples -- An Englishwoman observes the new nation / Maria Graham, Journal of a residence in Chile in 1822 -- The authoritarian republic / Diego Portales -- A political catechism / Francisco Bilbao, The American Gospel -- A literature of its own / Alberto Blest Gana, Martín Rivas -- The university and the nation / Andrés Bello, address delivered at the inauguration of the University of Chile -- A Polish scientist among the Mapuche / Ignacio Domeyko, Araucanía and its People -- German immigrants in the South / Vicente Pérez Rosales, Times gone by -- "A peculiar race of men" : gold, copper, and sweat / Charles Darwin, Beagle Diary -- How to run an hacienda / José Manuel Balmaceda, The landowner's handbook -- A Franco-Chilean in the Gold Rush / Pedro Isidoro Combet, Memories of California -- The worst misery -- Letters to the Santiago orphanage -- A race of vagabonds -- Augusto Orrego Luco, the social question -- Race, nation, and the "roto chileno" / Nicolás Palacios -- The war of the Pacific, 1879-1893 / Alejandro Fierro -- The pacification of the Araucanía / Pascual Coña -- Gallery : Chile and its "others" -- Balmaceda and the civil war of 1891, José Manuel Balmaceda and Arturo Alessandri -- The politics of reform, the manifesto of the Democratic party to the Chilean people, 1888 -- The Catholic Church and the social question / 1893 pastoral letter of Archbishop Mariano Casanova -- Workers' movements and the birth of the Chilean left / Luis Emilio Recabarren -- Nitrate workers and state violence : the massacre at Escuela Santa María de Iquique / Elias Lafertte -- Women, work, and labor politics / Esther Valdés de Díaz -- The Lion of Tarapacá / Arturo Alessandri -- The decay of Chile's parliamentary republic / Alberto Edwards -- Military intervention and the end of the parliamentary republic / 1924 military coup pronunciamiento -- Poetic creationism / Vicente Huidobro -- "Mother of Chile" and poet of Chilenidad / Gabriela Mistral

Industrialization and Chile's Arab immigrants / interview with Juan Yarur and the Arab community in Chile -- Social change and the crisis of the Catholic Church / Alberto Hurtado, "Is Chile a Catholic Country?" -- "I told myself I must find work, I cannot continue here" / interview with Elba Bravo, domestic service activist -- Fundamental theoretical principles of the Socialist Party / The Chilean Socialist Party, 1933 -- Chile's public health crisis / Salvador Allende -- The Popular Front / Pedro Aguirre Cerda -- Rural workers, landowners, and the politics of compromise / The League of Poor Campesinos of Las Cabras and the Sociedad Nacional de Agricultura -- Chile's "frustrated development" / Aníbal Pinto -- The Movement for the Emancipation of Chilean Women (MEMCH) / interview with Elena Caffarena -- Autobiography and poems / Pablo Neruda -- Miners' strikes and the demise of the Popular Front / U.S. State Department cables -- "Our constitution and our laws contain iniquitous precepts" / Elena Caffarena -- Rural-urban migration and the founding of a Santiago shantytown / Juan Lemuñir -- Klein-Sacks : Chile's first experiment with neo-liberalism (image) -- Between capitalism and communism / Eduardo Frei, The Mission of Social Christianity in Chile -- Property and production / a brochure promoting Christian Democracy's agrarian reform -- The Christian left / Jacques Chonchol and Julio Silva Solar, Toward a Communitarian World -- The new song movement / interview with Inti-Illimani -- Lyrics of the new song movement / Violeta Parra and Victor Jara -- Gallery : The election of 1970 -- The United States and the election of Salvador Allende / de-classified U.S. government documents -- A Mapuche land takeover / Peasants and landowners of Rucalán -- "We take the factory" / Workers at the Yarur Cotton Mill -- "Informing the people" / President Salvador Allende Gossens -- "Women's power" against Allende / interview with Carmen Saenz -- "So that Chile can renew its march forward" / Chilean Business and Professional Associations' Demands -- "The Demands of the people" / Movement of the Revolutionary Left -- A treasonous history / A group of retired generals and admirals -- United States policy and covert action against Allende / The Church Committee, 1975 -- "Everyone knows what is going to happen" / Radomiro Tomic to General Carlos Prats -- "These are my final words" / President Salvador Allende Gossens -- The military takes Santiago / Peter Winn -- The new military regime justifies intervention / Government Junta of the Armed Forces and Carabineros of Chile -- Pinochet's caravan of death / Patricia Verdugo -- Women and torture / The National Commission on Political Detention and Torture -- Transnationalization of terror : Operation Condor / US Federal Bureau of Investigations -- The 1980 Constitution / Jaime Guzmán -- Shantytown protest / The Pobladores speak -- The Chilean Women 's Movement / Julieta Kirkwood -- The kids of Barrio Alto / Alberto Fuguet -- Sexuality and soccer / Pedro Lemebel -- Dictatorship as revolution / Joaquín Lavín and Ernesto Tironi -- The whole world was watching / The observer group of the Latin American Studies

Justice "to the degree possible" / Patricio Aylwin Azócar -- "The custody of the eyes" / Diamela Eltit -- Legislating gender equality / Pilar Molina Armas -- Gallery : social movements in transition -- The credit-card citizen / Tomás Moulin, Chile Today: Anatomy of a Myth -- "Chile's greatest addition to the Spanish language" / John Brennan and Alvaro Taboada -- "I never looked for power" / Augusto Pinochet Ugarte -- Historians critique Pinochet's "Anti-history" / eleven Chilean historians (also signed by 73 other scholars) -- The Mapuche nation and the Chilean nation / Elicura Chihuailaf -- Growth with equity / Alejandro Foxley -- The politics of concertación / Alfredo Jocelyn-Holt -- "Chile : a Catholic country?" / Antonio Delfau, S.J. -- "To never again live it, to never again deny it" / President Ricardo Lagos, The Valech report -- The Chilean army after Pinochet / Army General and Commander in Chief Juan Emilio Cheyre Espinosa -- La Presidenta de Chile, President Michelle Bachelet, 2006- 2010 -- Gallery : bicentennial embraces.


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eBook ER214742 F3081 .C485 2013 Electronic Resources

On Order



The Chile Reader makes available a rich variety of documents spanning more than five hundred years of Chilean history. Most of the selections are by Chileans; many have never before appeared in English. The history of Chile is rendered from diverse perspectives, including those of Mapuche Indians and Spanish colonists, peasants and aristocrats, feminists and military strongmen, entrepreneurs and workers, and priests and poets. Among the many selections are interviews, travel diaries, letters, diplomatic cables, cartoons, photographs, and song lyrics.

Texts and images, each introduced by the editors, provide insights into the ways that Chile's unique geography has shaped its national identity, the country's unusually violent colonial history, and the stable but autocratic republic that emerged after independence from Spain. They shed light on Chile's role in the world economy, the social impact of economic modernization, and the enduring problems of deep inequality. The Reader also covers Chile's bold experiments with reform and revolution, its subsequent descent into one of Latin America's most ruthless Cold War dictatorships, and its much-admired transition to democracy and a market economy in the years since dictatorship.