Cover image for The state and intellectual in Turkey : between liberal ethos and the myth of democracy.
Title:
The state and intellectual in Turkey : between liberal ethos and the myth of democracy.
Author:
Coşar, Simten.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Ankara: Department of Political Science and Public Administration and Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Bilkent University, 1997.
Physical Description:
375 leaves.
Abstract:
Abstract: The study analyzes the liberal discourse in the Republican Turkey with a view to shedding light on the state-intellectual relationship. The aim is to elaborate the reasons for the lack of an intellectual tradition of liberalism in Turkey. The answer is searched in the historical unfolding of the state-intellectual relationship within a state dominant, ever-modernizing context. The bulk of the study has been shaped by the periodization beginning from the foundation of the Turkish Republic and extending throughout the 1990s. The Ottoman period, especially the Tanzimat era (1839-1876), has been examined with the aim of providing an historical background. The emergence of a liberal identity in different periods has been analyzed in relation to the problematique that shaped the intellectual discourse in different periods, namely modernization, democratization, and liberalization. In the study the state-opposition pendulum has been taken as the clue to gain an understanding of the impasse that the Turkish liberal intellectual has experienced. In this respect, it is concluded that the liberal intellectual in Turkey has always had to walk a tightrope between the premises that fed his intelletual matrix and his self-identification with the state. His quest for liberty and salvation of the individual from the constraints of the state was inspired by the West. Yet, due to his concern for the state, he has had to construct the ideal individual which turned his liberal agenda into a project.

Ozet: Bu arastirma Cumhuriyet donemine ozgu liberal kimligi devlet-entelletuel iliskisi cercevesinde incelenmistir. Calisma Turkiye'de, liberalizmin bir dusunce gelenegi olarak neden olusamadigi sorusu etrafinda sekillenmistir. Cevap devletin on planda oldugu, surekli modernlesen bir baglamda devlet -entellektuel iliskisinin tarihsel evrilisinde aranmistir. Calismanin catisini Cumhuriyet'in kurulusundan 1990lara kadar uzanan donem olusturmaktadir. Tanzimat (1839-1876) doneminden itibaren meydana gelen gelismeler tarihsel bir arka plan saglamak amaciyla calismaya dahil edilmistir. Liberal entellektuel kimlik birbirini takip eden donemlerde entellektuel soyleme sekil veren problematikler etrafinda incelenmistir. Buna bagli olarak, liberal kimligin degisik donemlerdeki farkli gorunumleri entellektuelin icsellestirdigi misyona referansla anlasilmaya calisilmistir. Sozkonusu misyon(lar) birbirini dislamayacak sekilde modernlestirme, demokratiklestirme ve liberallestirme olarak belirlenmistir. Calismada devlet-muhalefet sarkaci Turk liberal entellektuelinin karsi karsiya kaldigi acmazlari anlamak acisindan faydali olmustur. Turkiye'de liberal entellektuel, entellektuel kimligini devletin tanimladigi cerceve icinde bulmustur. Bati'nin liberal oncullerinden hareketle olusturdugu kavramsal semasi ise onu ister istemez muhalif konumuna oturtmustur. Donemin onceliklerine gore devlet ve muhalefet arasinda gidip gelen sozkonusu entellektuelin son tahlilde vardigi nokta ise liberalizmi projelendirmek olmustur.
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Thesis BILKUTUPB038402 JQ1809.A15 C67 1997 Reference Storage Collection
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