Cover image for Political liberalism
Title:
Political liberalism
Author:
Rawls, John, 1921-
ISBN:
9780231052481
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Columbia University Press, c1993.
Physical Description:
xxxiv, 401 p. ; 24 cm.
Series:
The John Dewey essays in philosophy ; no. 4
Series Title:
The John Dewey essays in philosophy ; no. 4
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Summary

Summary

Revising and continuing the idea of justice and fairness in A Theory of Justice,Rawls poses the question of how a stable and just society of free and equal citizens can live in concord when deeply divided by reasonable and incompatible doctrines. With its distinctive form of liberalism----resting on an idea of free public reason---- Political Liberalismyields new insights into the question of justice in our pluralistic society.


Table of Contents

Introduction
Introduction to the Paperback Edition
Part 1 Political Liberalism: Basic Elements
Lecture I Fundamental Ideas Addressing Two Fundamental Questions
The Idea of a Political Conception of Justice
The Idea of Society as a Fair System of Cooperation
The Idea of the Original Position
The Political Conception of the Person
The Idea of a Well-Ordered Society Neither a Community nor an Association
The Use of Abstract Conceptions
Lecture II The Powers of Citizens and Their Representation
The Reasonable and the Rational
The Burdens of Judgement Reasonable Comprehensive Doctrines
The Publicity Condition: Its Three Levels Rational Autonomy: Artificial not Political Full Autonomy: Political not Ethical
The Basis of Motivation in the Person Moral Psychology: Philosophical not Psychological
Lecture III Political Constructivism
The Idea of a Constructivist Conception Kant's Moral Constructivism Justice as Fairness as a Constructivist View
The Role of Conceptions of Society and Person
Three Conceptions of Objectivity Objectivity Independent of the Casual View of Knowledge
When Do Objective Reasons Exist, Politically Speaking?
The Scope of Political Constructivism
Part 2 Political Liberalism: Three Main Ideas
Lecture IV The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus
How is Political Liberalism Possible?
The Question of Stability Three Features of an Overlapping Consensus An Overlapping Consensus not Indifferent or Skeptical
A Political Conception Need Not Be Comprehensive Steps to Constitutional Consensus
Steps to Overlapping Consensus Conception and Doctrines: How Related
Lecture V Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good
How a Political Conception Limits Conceptions of the Good Goodness as Rationality
Primary Goods and Interpersonal Comparisons Primary Goods as Citizens'
Need Permissible Conceptions of the Good and Political Virtues Is Justice as Fairness Fair to Conceptions of the Good?
The Good of Political Society
That Justice as Fairness is Complete
Lecture VI The Idea of Public Reason
The Question and Forums of Public Right Public Reason and the Ideal of Democratic Citizenship Nonpublic Reasons
The Content of Public Reason
The Ideal of Constitutional Essentials
The Supreme Court as Exemplar of Public Reason Apparent Difficulties with Public Reason
The Limits of Public Reason
Part 3 Institutional Framework
Lecture VII The Basic Structure as Subject
First Subject of Justice Unity by Appropriate Sequence Libertarianism
Has No Special Role for the Basic Structure
The Importance of Background Justice
How the Basic Structure Affects Individuals Initial Agreement as Hypothetical and Nonhistorical
Special Features of the Initial Agreement
The Social Nature of Human Relationships Ideal Form for the Basic Structure
Reply to Hegel's Criticism
Lecture VIII The Basic Liberties and Their Priority
The Initial Aim of Justice as Fairness
The Special Status of Basic Liberties Conceptions of Person and Social Cooperation
The Original Position Priority of Liberties, I: Second Moral Power Priority of Liberties, II: First Moral Power Basic
Liberties not Merely Formal
A Fully Adequate Scheme of Basic Liberties
How Liberties Fit into One Coherent Scheme Free Political Speech
The Clear and Present Danger Rule Maintaining the Fair Value of Political
Liberties Liberties Connected with the Second Principle
The Role of Justice as Fairness
Lecture IX Reply to Habermas
Two Main Differences Overlapping Consensus and Justification
Liberties of the Moderns Versus the Will of the People
The Roots of the Liberties Procedural Versus Substantive Justice
Conclusion