Cover image for Liberalism, imperialism and the historical imagination : nineteenth century visions of Greater Britain
Liberalism, imperialism and the historical imagination : nineteenth century visions of Greater Britain
Koditschek, Theodore.
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Publication Information:
Cambridge ; new York : Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Physical Description:
xiii, 351 p. ; 24 cm.
Introduction -- Imagining Great Britain : Union, Empire, and the burden of history, 1800-1830 -- Imagining a British India : history and reconstruction of Empire -- Imagining a Greater Britain : the Macaulays and the liberal romance of Empire -- Re-imagining a Greater Britain : J.A. Froude: counter-romance and controversy -- Greater Britain and the "lesser breeds" : liberalism, race, and evolutionary history -- Indian liberals and Great Britain : the search for union through history -- Epilogue : from liberal imperialism to conservative unionism : losing the thread of progress in history.


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Book 0319023 JC574.2 .G7 K64 2011 Central Campus Library

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This book examines the ways in which imperial agendas informed the writing of history in nineteenth-century Britain and how historical writing transformed imperial agendas. Using the published writings and personal papers of Walter Scott, J. A. Froude, James Mill, Rammohun Roy, T. B. Macaulay, E. A. Freeman, W. E. Gladstone, and J. R. Seeley among others, Theodore Koditschek sheds new light on the role of the historical imagination in the establishment and legitimation of liberal imperialism. He shows how both imperialists and the imperialized were drawn to reflect back on Empire's past as a result of the need to construct a modern, multi-national British imperial identity for a more economically expansive and enlightened present. By tracing the imperial lives and historical works of these pivotal figures, Theodore Koditschek illuminates the ways in which discourse altered practice, and vice versa, as well as how the history of Empire was continuously written and re-written.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. x
List of abbreviationsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
1 Historiography and methodologyp. 4
2 Plan of the chaptersp. 9
1 Imagining Great Britain: Union, Empire, and the burden of history, 1800-1830p. 17
1 Maria Edgeworth's romance of Anglo-Irish Unionp. 22
2 Edgeworth, Owenson, and the burdens of historyp. 26
3 The border crossings of Walter Scottp. 31
4 The Waverley romances of Anglo-Scottish Unionp. 37
5 The reception of Scott's British Unionist romancep. 48
6 Conclusion: from British to imperial Unionp. 52
2 Imagining a British India: history and the reconstruction of Empirep. 56
1 Orientalism, old and newp. 59
2 Scottish orientalism and the romance of British Indiap. 66
3 John Malcolm and the romance of British Indiap. 71
4 Mountstuart Elphinstone and the project of Indian modernizationp. 77
5 James Mill and the British assault on Indian historyp. 82
6 Rammohun Roy's Union of Anglo-Indian historyp. 90
7 Conclusionp. 97
3 Imagining a Greater Britain: the Macaulays and the liberal romance of Empirep. 99
1 The first Macaulay and the second British Empirep. 101
2 The second Macaulay and the historian's Empirep. 106
3 Frustrations in Whig politicsp. 113
4 Encounter with colonial Indiap. 118
5 Progressive (English) history as liberal (imperial) politics by other meansp. 123
6 The historical romance of the British centerp. 129
7 Peripheral nightmares: the Indian and Irish centers do not holdp. 136
8 The reception of Macaulay's Historyp. 143
9 Conclusionp. 149
4 Re-imagining a Greater Britain: J. A. Froude: counter-romance and controversyp. 151
1 Froudian whipsp. 152
2 Henrician flipsp. 160
3 Victorian anxieties and Elizabethan adventuresp. 164
4 Protestantism and the British Unionp. 169
5 Froude's Greater British Victorian visionp. 174
6 Froude revises Anglo-Irish historyp. 178
7 W. E. H. Lecky's Anglo-Irish counter-historyp. 183
8 Ethnic evolution and Froude's imperial schemep. 189
9 Racial exclusion and Froude's oceanic dreamp. 193
10 The race against Froudacityp. 200
11 Conclusionp. 202
5 Greater Britain and the ôlesser breedsö: liberalism, race, and evolutionary historyp. 206
1 The advent of evolution and longue durée historyp. 210
2 John Lubbock and the evolution of ôsavageryöp. 215
3 Empire and the classification of racial and evolutionary othersp. 218
4 The evolution of Aryanism: Henry Maine and imperial racial divergencep. 226
5 R. C. Dutt: evolution and the liberal middle-class otherp. 233
6 E. A. Freeman: the rise of the Anglo-Saxon in racial and evolutionary historyp. 240
7 E. A. Freeman: the triumph of Anglo-Saxonism in the nineteenth centuryp. 245
8 The failure of hybrid evolutionism: a tale of two Greensp. 250
9 William Stubbs and the evolution of the English Constitutionp. 254
10 The English Constitution and Anglo-Indian historyp. 258
6 Indian liberals and Greater Britain: the search for union through historyp. 263
1 The Calcutta bhadralok and British racial ideologyp. 264
2 Keshub Chandra Sen and the quest for spiritual historyp. 269
3 Brahmo Samaj and the evolution of spiritualityp. 271
4 Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay and the contradictions of imperial historyp. 279
5 Surendranath Banerjea and the Indianization of Macaulay's constitutional romancep. 286
6 Dadabhai Naoroji: imperial mis-government and the history of the ôdrainöp. 293
7 R.C. Dutt and die riches of ancient Hindu civilizationp. 297
8 R.C. Dutt and the history of modern Indian povertyp. 304
9 Conclusion: liberal imperialism's reappearance on the peripheryp. 311
Epilogue: From liberal imperialism to Conservative Unionism: losing the thread of progress in historyp. 314
1 Gladstone's progress: from youthful reactionary to aging radicalp. 315
2 Midlothianizing India: evolutionary objects or historical agents?p. 318
3 Midlothianizing Ireland: conquered colony or Celtic ôHome Ruleö?p. 325
4 Chamberlain and Seeley: Unionism, history, and progress in the high imperial agep. 334
5 The strange death of liberal imperialismp. 341
Indexp. 346