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Cover image for Disrupting Science Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975
Disrupting Science Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975
Moore, Kelly, 1962-
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Princeton : Princeton University Press, c2008. (Baltimore, Md. : Project MUSE, 2015)
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1 online resource (x, 311 p. )
Book collections on Project MUSE.
Introduction -- The expansion and critiques of science-military ties, 1945-1970 -- Scientists as moral individuals : Quakerism and the Society for Social Responsibility in Science -- Information and political neutrality : liberal science activism and the St. Louis Committee for Nuclear Information -- Confronting liberalism : the anti-Vietnam War movement and the ABM debate, 1965-1969 -- Doing "Science for the People" : enactments of a new left politics of science -- Conclusions : disrupting the social and moral order of science.
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eBook ER184407 Q127 .U6 M656 2008 Electronic Resources

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In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental power--not only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story of how scientists formed new protest organizations that democratized science and made its pursuit more transparent. The book explores how scientists weakened their own authority even as they invented new forms of political action.

Drawing extensively from archival sources and in-depth interviews, Kelly Moore examines the features of American science that made it an attractive target for protesters in the early cold war and Vietnam eras, including scientists' work in military research and activities perceived as environmentally harmful. She describes the intellectual traditions that protesters drew from--liberalism, moral individualism, and the New Left--and traces the rise and influence of scientist-led protest organizations such as Science for the People and the Union of Concerned Scientists. Moore shows how scientist protest activities disrupted basic assumptions about science and the ways scientific knowledge should be produced, and recast scientists' relationships to political and military institutions.

Disrupting Science reveals how the scientific community cumulatively worked to unbind its own scientific authority and change how science and scientists are perceived. In doing so, the book redefines our understanding of social movements and the power of insider-led protest.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
List of Abbreviationsp. ix
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 The Expansion and Critiques of Science-Military Ties, 1945-1970p. 22
Chapter 3 Scientists as Moral Individuals: Quakerism and the Society for Social Responsibility in Sciencep. 54
Chapter 4 Information and Political Neutrality: Liberal Science Activism and the St. Louis Committee for Nuclear Informationp. 96
Chapter 5 Confronting Liberalism: The Anti-Vietnam War Movement and the ABM Debate, 1965-1969p. 130
Chapter 6 Doing "Science for the People": Enactments of a New Left Politics of Sciencep. 158
Chapter 7 Conclusions: Disrupting the Social and Moral Order of Sciencep. 190
Notesp. 215
Bibliographyp. 269
Indexp. 293
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