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The deepening darkness : patriarchy, resistance, and democracy's future
Gilligan, Carol, 1936-
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Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2009.
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xi, 339 p. ; 24 cm.
Introduction and overview -- Roman patriarchy: entering the darkness -- Why Rome? why now? -- Roman patriarchy and violence -- Vergil on the darkness visible -- Apuleius on conversion -- Augustine on conversion -- Resistance across time and culture -- Resistance: religion -- The historical Jesus -- The Jews and Christian anti-semitism -- The argument for toleration -- Christian resistance: Bayle and Locke -- Jewish resistance: Spinoza -- Ethical religion and constitutional rights -- Radical abolitionism -- Martin Luther King, Jr. -- Religion and the values of constitutional democracy -- The legacy of celibacy -- The priest abuse scandal -- James Carroll on resistance to war and anti-semitism -- Resistance: psychology -- Freud's opening and closing to women -- The alternative psychology of Ian D. Suttie -- The lens of gender -- Resistance: the artists -- Why art? -- Hemingway's a farewell to arms -- Joyce's Ulysses -- Wharton's Age of innocence -- Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway, to the lighthouse, and three guineas -- D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's lover -- Resistance: politics -- Between patriarchy and democracy: contradictions in American constitutionalism -- The psychological roots of fascism and the rebirth of democratic constitutionalism -- Irrational prejudice: anti-semitism as the model for racism, sexism, and homophobia -- The resistance movements of the 1960s and later -- Resistance to fundamentalism in American constitutional law -- Democracy's future -- The contemporary scene -- Impact of western colonialism in Asia and the Middle East: the war on terror -- Sexual voice and the interpretation of the 1960s.
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Book 0333569 JA74.5 .G55 2009 Central Campus Library

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Why is America again unjustly at war? Why is its politics distorted by wedge issues like abortion and gay marriage? Why is anti-Semitism still so powerfully resurgent? Such contradictions within democracies arise from a patriarchal psychology still alive in our personal and political lives in tension with the equal voice that is the basis of democracy. The book joins a psychological approach with a political-theoretical one that traces both this psychology (based on loss in intimate life) and resistance to it (based on the love of equals) to the Roman Republic and Empire and to three Latin masterpieces: Virgil's Aeneid, Apuleius's The Golden Ass, and Augustine's Confessions. Democratic resistance in religion, psychology, the arts, and politics rests on free voices challenging patriarchal restrictions on the love of equals. In addition to examining why we are at war, this book explains many other aspects of our present situation including why movements of ethical resistance are often accompanied by a freeing of sexuality and why we are witnessing an aggressive fundamentalism at home and abroad.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introduction and Overviewp. 1
Part 1 Roman Patriarchy: Entering the Darkness
1 Why Rome? Why Now?p. 9
2 Roman Patriarchy and Violencep. 22
3 Vergil on the Darkness Visiblep. 53
4 Apuleius on Conversionp. 82
5 Augustine on Conversionp. 102
Part 2 Resistance Across Time and Culture
6 Resistance: Religionp. 121
1 The Historical Jesusp. 122
2 The Jews and Christian Anti-Semitismp. 129
3 The Argument for Tolerationp. 137
i Christian Resistance: Bayle and Lockep. 137
ii Jewish Resistance: Spinozap. 139
4 Ethical Religion and Constitutional Rightsp. 140
i Radical Abolitionismp. 141
ii Martin Luther King, Jr.p. 144
iii Religion and the Values of Constitutional Democracyp. 150
5 The Legacy of Celibacyp. 151
i The Priest Sexual Abuse Scandalp. 151
ii James Carroll on Resistance to War and to Anti-Semitismp. 156
7 Resistance: Psychologyp. 159
1 Freud's Opening and Closing to Womenp. 160
2 The Alternative Psychology of Ian D. Suttiep. 190
3 The Lens of Genderp. 192
8 Resistance: The Artistsp. 198
1 Why Art?p. 198
2 Hemingway's A Farewell to Armsp. 201
3 Joyce's Ulyssesp. 203
4 Wharton's The Age of Innocencep. 209
5 Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, and Three Guineasp. 213
6 Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Loverp. 217
9 Resistance: Politicsp. 225
1 Between Patriarchy and Democracy: Contradictions in American Constitutionalismp. 225
2 The Psychological Roots of Fascism and the Rebirth of Democratic Constitutionalismp. 232
3 Irrational Prejudice: Anti-Semitism as the Model for Racism, Sexism, and Homophobiap. 238
4 The Resistance Movements of the 1960s and Laterp. 240
5 Resistance to Fundamentalism in American Constitutional Lawp. 243
Part 3 Democracy's Future
10 The Contemporary Scenep. 249
1 Impact of Western Colonialism in Asia and the Middle Eastp. 249
2 The War on Terrorp. 253
3 Sexual Voice and the Interpretation of the 1960sp. 257
Conclusionp. 264
Notesp. 269
Bibliographyp. 303
Indexp. 325
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